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1934 FIFA World Cup
Campionato Mondiale di Calcio
WorldCup1934poster.jpg
Tournament details
Host countryFlag of Italy.gif Italy
Dates27 May – 10 June (14 days)
Teams16 (from 4 confederations)
Venue(s)(in 8 host cities)
Final positions
ChampionsFlag of Italy.gif Italy (1st title)
Runner-upFlag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia
Third placeGermany.png Germany
Fourth placeFlag of Austria.png Austria
Tournament statistics
Matches played17
Goals scored70 (4.12 per match)
Top scorer(s)Flag of Czech Oldřich Nejedlý (5 goals)
1930
1938

The 1934 FIFA World Cup was the second FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It took place in Italy from 27 May to 10 June 1934.

The 1934 World Cup was the first for which teams had to qualify to take part. Thirty-two nations entered the competition, and after qualification, 16 teams participated in the finals tournament. Reigning champions Uruguay did not enter. Italy became the second World Cup champions, beating Czechoslovakia 2–1 in the final.

Host selection

After a lengthy decision-making process in which FIFA's executive committee met eight times, Italy was chosen as the host nation at a meeting in Stockholm on 9 October 1932. The decision was taken by the executive committee without a ballot of members. The Italian bid was chosen in preference to one from Sweden; the Italian government assigned a budget of 3.5 million lire to the tournament.

Qualification and participants

Main article: 1934 FIFA World Cup qualification

32 countries applied to enter the tournament, so qualifying matches were required to thin the field to 16. Even so, there were several notable absentees. Reigning World Cup holders Uruguay declined to participate, in protest at the refusal of several European countries to travel to South America for the previous World Cup, which Uruguay had hosted in 1930. As a result, the 1934 World Cup is the only one in which the reigning champions did not participate. The British Home Nations, in a period of self-imposed exile from FIFA, also refused to participate. Football Association committee member Charles Sutcliffe's view was: "the national associations of England, Scotland, Wales and Ireland have quite enough to do in their own International Championship which seems to me a far better World Championship than the one to be staged in Rome".

Despite their role as hosts, Italy were still required to qualify, the first and only time the host nation was not granted automatic qualification. The qualifying matches were arranged on a geographical basis. Withdrawals by Chile and Peru meant Argentina and Brazil qualified without playing a single match.

Twelve of the 16 places were allocated to Europe, three to the Americas, and one to Africa or Asia (including Turkey). Only 10 of the 32 entrants, and four of the 16 qualified teams (Brazil, Argentina, United States and Egypt, the first African team to qualify for a World Cup finals tournament), were from outside Europe. The last place in the finals was contested between the United States and Mexico only three days before the start of the tournament in a one-off match in Rome, which the United States won.

The majority of the 16 teams were making their first World Cup appearance. These included nine of the 12 European teams (Italy, Germany, Spain, the Netherlands, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Sweden, Austria, and Switzerland) together with Egypt. Egypt were the first team from Africa in the finals and would not qualify again until the next time the competition was held in Italy, in 1990.

Italy as hosts

Like the Berlin Olympics two years later, the 1934 World Cup was a high-profile instance of a sporting event being used for overt political gain. Benito Mussolini was keen to use the tournament as a means of promoting fascism.

Squads

For a list of all squads that appeared in the final tournament, see 1934 FIFA World Cup squads.

Participants

Africa

Europe

North and Central America

South America

Results

First round Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
                           
27 May – Rome            
 Flag of Italy.gif Italy  7
31 May – Florence
(replayed 1 June)
 Flag of the United States.png United States  1  
 Flag of Italy.gif Italy  1 (1)
27 May – Genoa
   Flag of Spain.png Spain  1 (0)  
 Flag of Spain.png Spain  3
3 June – Milan
 Brazil.png Brazil  1  
 Flag of Italy.gif Italy  1
27 May – Turin
   Flag of Austria.png Austria  0  
 Flag of Austria.png Austria (aet)  3
31 May – Bologna
 Flag of France.png France  2  
 Flag of Austria.png Austria  2
27 May – Naples
   Flag of Hungary.png Hungary  1  
 Flag of Hungary.png Hungary  4
10 June – Rome
 Flag of Egypt.png Egypt  2  
 Flag of Italy.gif Italy (aet)  2
27 May – Trieste
   Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia  1
 Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia  2
31 May – Turin
 Romania.png Romania  1  
 Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia  3
27 May – Milan
   Switzerland.png Switzerland  2  
 Switzerland.png Switzerland  3
3 June – Rome
 Netherlands.png Netherlands  2  
 Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia  3
27 May – Florence
   Germany.png Germany  1   Third place
 Germany.png Germany  5
31 May – Milan 7 June – Naples
 Belgium.png Belgium  2  
 Germany.png Germany  2  Germany.png Germany  3
27 May – Bologna
   Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden  1    Flag of Austria.png Austria  2
 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden  3
 Flag of Argentina.png Argentina  2  

First round

27 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Spain Flag of Spain.png 3–1 Brazil.png Brazil Stadio Luigi Ferraris, Genoa
Attendance: 21,000
Referee: Alfred Birlem (Germany)
Iraragorri Soccerball 18' (pen.)25'
Lángara Soccerball 29'
Report Leônidas Soccerball 55'

27 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Hungary Flag of Hungary.png 4–2 Flag of Egypt.png Egypt Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli, Naples
Attendance: 9,000
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)
Teleki Soccerball 11'
Toldi Soccerball 27'61'
Vincze Soccerball 53'
Report Fawzi Soccerball 31'39'

27 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Switzerland Switzerland.png 3–2 Netherlands.png Netherlands Stadio San Siro, Milan
Attendance: 33,000
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)
Kielholz Soccerball 7'43'
Abegglen Soccerball 69'
Report Smit Soccerball 19'
Vente Soccerball 84'

27 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 7–1 Flag of the United States.png United States Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome
Attendance: 25,000
Referee: Rene Mercet (Switzerland)
Schiavio Soccerball 18'29'64'
Orsi Soccerball 20'69'
Ferrari Soccerball 63'
Meazza Soccerball 90'
Report Donelli Soccerball 57'

27 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Czechoslovakia Flag of Czech.jpg 2–1 Romania.png Romania Stadio Littorio, Trieste
Attendance: 9,000
Referee: John Langenus (Belgium)
Puč Soccerball 50'
Nejedlý Soccerball 67'
Report Dobay Soccerball 11'

27 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Sweden Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg 3–2 Flag of Argentina.png Argentina Stadio Littoriale, Bologna
Attendance: 14,000
Referee: Eugen Braun (Austria)
Jonasson Soccerball 9'67'
Kroon Soccerball 79'
Report Belis Soccerball 4'
Galateo Soccerball 48'

27 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Austria Flag of Austria.png 3–2
(a.e.t.)
Flag of France.png France Stadio Benito Mussolini, Turin
Attendance: 16,000
Referee: Johannes van Moorsel (Netherlands)
Sindelar Soccerball 44'
Schall Soccerball 93'
Bican Soccerball 109'
Report Nicolas Soccerball 18'
Verriest Soccerball 116' (pen.)

27 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Germany Germany.png 5–2 Belgium.png Belgium Stadio Giovanni Berta, Florence
Attendance: 8,000
Referee: Francesco Mattea (Italy)
Kobierski Soccerball 25'
Siffling Soccerball 49'
Conen Soccerball 66'70'87'
Report Voorhoof Soccerball 29'43'

Quarter-finals

31 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Austria Flag of Austria.png 2–1 Flag of Hungary.png Hungary Stadio Littoriale, Bologna
Attendance: 23,000
Referee: Francesco Mattea (Italy)
Horvath Soccerball 8'
Zischek Soccerball 51'
Report Sárosi Soccerball 60' (pen.)

31 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 1–1
(a.e.t.)
Flag of Spain.png Spain Stadio Giovanni Berta, Florence
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Louis Baert (Belgium)
Ferrari Soccerball 44' Report Regueiro Soccerball 30'

31 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Germany Germany.png 2–1 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden Stadio San Siro, Milan
Attendance: 3,000
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)
Hohmann Soccerball 60'63' Report Dunker Soccerball 82'

31 May 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Czechoslovakia Flag of Czech.jpg 3–2 Switzerland.png Switzerland Stadio Benito Mussolini, Turin
Attendance: 12,000
Referee: Alois Beranek (Austria)
Svoboda Soccerball 24'
Sobotka Soccerball 49'
Nejedlý Soccerball 82'
Report Kielholz Soccerball 18'
Jäggi Soccerball 78'
Replay
1 June 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 1–0 Flag of Spain.png Spain Stadio Giovanni Berta, Florence
Attendance: 43,000
Referee: Rene Mercet (Switzerland)
Meazza Soccerball 11' Report

Semi-finals

3 June 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 1–0 Flag of Austria.png Austria Stadio San Siro, Milan
Attendance: 35,000
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)
Guaita Soccerball 19' Report

3 June 1934
16:30 (CEST)
Czechoslovakia Flag of Czech.jpg 3–1 Germany.png Germany Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome
Attendance: 15,000
Referee: Rinaldo Barlassina (Italy)
Nejedlý Soccerball 19'71'80' Report Noack Soccerball 62'

Third-place match

7 June 1934
18:00 (CEST)
Germany Germany.png 3–2 Flag of Austria.png Austria Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli, Naples
Attendance: 7,000
Referee: Albino Carraro (Italy)
Lehner Soccerball 1'42'
Conen Soccerball 27'
Report Horvath Soccerball 28'
Sesta Soccerball 54'

Final

Main article: 1934 FIFA World Cup Final
10 June 1934
17:30 (CEST)
Italy Flag of Italy.gif 2–1
(a.e.t.)
Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia Stadio Nazionale PNF, Rome
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Ivan Eklind (Sweden)
Orsi Soccerball 81'
Schiavio Soccerball 95'
Report Puč Soccerball 71'

Goalscorers

With five goals, Oldřich Nejedlý is the top scorer in the tournament. In total, 70 goals were scored by 45 different players, with none of them credited as own goal.

5 goals

4 goals

3 goals
2 goals

1 goal

FIFA retrospective ranking

In 1986, FIFA published a report that ranked all teams in each World Cup up to and including 1986, based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition. The rankings for the 1934 tournament were as follows:

R Team P W D L GF GA GD Pts.
1 Flag of Italy.gif Italy 4 3 1 0 11 3 +8 7
2 Flag of Czech.jpg Czechoslovakia 4 3 0 1 9 6 +3 6
3 Germany.png Germany 4 3 0 1 11 8 +3 6
4 Flag of Austria.png Austria 4 2 0 2 7 7 0 4
Eliminated in the quarter-finals
5 Flag of Spain.png Spain 2 1 1 0 4 2 +2 3
6 Flag of Hungary.png Hungary 2 1 0 1 5 4 +1 2
7 Switzerland.png Switzerland 2 1 0 1 5 5 0 2
8 Flag of Sweden Good one.jpg Sweden 2 1 0 1 4 4 0 2
Eliminated in the round of 16
9 Flag of Argentina.png Argentina 1 0 0 1 2 3 −1 0
Flag of France.png France 1 0 0 1 2 3 −1 0
Netherlands.png Netherlands 1 0 0 1 2 3 −1 0
12 Romania.png Romania 1 0 0 1 1 2 −1 0
13 Flag of Egypt.png Egypt 1 0 0 1 2 4 −2 0
14 Brazil.png Brazil 1 0 0 1 1 3 −2 0
15 Belgium.png Belgium 1 0 0 1 2 5 −3 0
16 Flag of the United States.png United States 1 0 0 1 1 7 −6 0

External links

1934 FIFA World Cup stadiums

Stadio Littoriale · Stadio Giovanni Berta · Stadio Luigi Ferraris · Stadio San Siro · Stadio Giorgio Ascarelli · Stadio Nazionale PNF · Stadio Littorio · Benito Mussolini

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