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CONCACAF Gold Cup
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Founded 1991
Region North America, Central America &
the Caribbean (CONCACAF)
Tournament information
Number of teams 16
Most successful club Flag of Mexico.png Mexico (7 titles)
Football current event Current
Website Official website

The CONCACAF Gold Cup is the main association football competition of the men's national football teams governed by CONCACAF, determining the regional champion of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean.

The Gold Cup is held every two years. Previous to 2015, when the Gold Cup did not fall on the same year as the FIFA Confederations Cup, the winner, or highest placed team that is a member of both CONCACAF and FIFA, qualified for the next staging of that tournament. Beginning in 2015, the winners of two successive Gold Cups (the 2013 and 2015 editions in the first instance) will face each other in a playoff to determine the CONCACAF entrant to the next Confederations Cup. If the same team has won the Gold Cup on both relevant occasions, there will be no playoff and that team will automatically qualify for the Confederations Cup.

History

Championships prior to CONCACAF

Prior to the Confederation of North, Central American and Caribbean Association Football (CONCACAF) being formed in 1961, association football in the region was divided into smaller, regional divisions. The two main bodies consisted of the Confederación Centroamericana y del Caribe de Fútbol (CCCF) founded in 1938 (consisting of Central America and most of the Caribbean) and the North American Football Confederation (NAFC) founded in 1946 (consisting of the North American nations of United States, Mexico, Canada, and Cuba). Each confederation held its own competition, the CCCF Championship and the NAFC Championship. The CCCF held 10 championships from 1941–1961, Costa Rica winning seven (1941, ’46, ’48, ’53, ’55, ’60, ’61), and one each by El Salvador (1943), Panama (1951) and Haiti (1957). The NAFC held four championships in 1947 and 1949 and later, after 41 years of absence, in 1990 and 1991 for the North American zone as the North American Nations Cup with Mexico winning three (1947, ’49, ’91) and Canada winning one (1990) before the introduction of the CONCACAF Gold Cup.

CONCACAF Championship

CONCACAF was founded in its current form in 1961 after the merging of NAFC and CCCF and thus resulted in a single competition being held for the continent. However, the first official national team competition was not held until more than two years had passed, with El Salvador being selected as the first hosting country (1963). The CONCACAF Campeonato de Naciones, as it was called, was then held every two years from 1963-1971. The second edition (1965) held in Guatemala, saw Mexico defeat the host in the final of a six-team tournament. The 1967 competition was held in Honduras and saw a third different champion crowned, Guatemala. Costa Rica won their second title as hosts in 1969, knocking off Guatemala, while two years later, Mexico won their second championship as the tournament moved to the Caribbean for the first time, held in Trinidad & Tobago. In 1973, the tournament kept the same format of six teams in one site playing a single round-robin, but now there were bigger stakes attached: the Confederation’s berth in the FIFA World Cup finals. In Port-au-Prince, Haiti, the host country pulled off a shocking upset by winning the tournament and claiming a spot in West Germany 1974.

With the Campeonato de Naciones doubling as the final World Cup qualifying tournament, the next two editions were held in Ciudad de México and Tegucigalpa, Honduras in 1977 and 1981, respectively, the host country came away as champion and grabbed the spots on offers each time. In 1985 and 1989, the winner of the World Cup qualifying tournament was again crowned Confederation champion. Canada and Costa Rica were named champions in ’85 and ’89, respectively, but without ever lifting a trophy.

CONCACAF Gold Cup

In 1990, CONCACAF again created a tournament as its showpiece event to crown the regional champion. The event was named the CONCACAF Gold Cup, with the USA hosting the first competition in 1991. The host country was the inaugural champion of the eight-team tournament. Mexico dominated the remainder of the decade, winning three consecutive CONCACAF Gold Cup titles in 1993, 1996 and 1998. In the 1996 edition, the Gold Cup field included its first guest team, inviting the defending FIFA World Cup Champions Brazil.

Starting with the 2000 Gold Cup, the tournament field was increased to twelve teams. Canada won the next tournament, their first major international honour in almost 100 years.

The 2007 Gold Cup was contested in the United States from 6 June to 24 June 2007 where the hosts successfully defended their title beating Mexico in the final 2-1 in Chicago; Canada and Guadeloupe shared third-place. The 2009 Gold Cup took place 3 July to 26 July 2009 with Mexico claiming the title after beating the United States by a 5-0 score. In the 2011 Gold Cup, Mexico defeated the United States 4-2 in the final at the Rose Bowl. The United States had struggled throughout the tournament, but reached the final via a dramatic 1-0 win over Panama.

Since the formation of the Gold Cup in 1991, the CONCACAF Championship has been won six times by Mexico, five times by the United States, and once by Canada. Runners-up include Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Honduras, and Panama.

Tournament results

CONCACAF Gold Cup
Year Host Final Third Place Match
Winner Score Runner-up 3rd Place Score 4th Place
1991
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of the United States.png
United States
0–0 a.e.t.
(4–3 pen)
Flag of Honduras.png
Honduras
Flag of Mexico.png
Mexico
2–0 Flag of Costa Rica.png
Costa Rica
1993
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States
& Flag of Mexico.png Mexico
Flag of Mexico.png
Mexico
4–0 Flag of the United States.png
United States
Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica
Flag of Jamaica.png Jamaica
1–1
a.e.t.(1)
1996
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of Mexico.png
Mexico
2–0 Brazil.png
Brazil
Flag of the United States.png
United States
3–0 Flag of Guatemala.png
Guatemala
1998
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of Mexico.png
Mexico
1–0 Flag of the United States.png
United States
Brazil.png
Brazil
1–0 Flag of Jamaica.png
Jamaica
2000
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of Canada.png
Canada
2–0 Flag of Colombia.png
Colombia
Flag of Peru.png Peru
Trinidad and Tobago.png Trinidad and Tobago(2)
2002
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of the United States.png
United States
2–0 Flag of Costa Rica.png
Costa Rica
Flag of Canada.png
Canada
2–1 South Korea.png
South Korea
2003
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States
& Flag of Mexico.png Mexico
Flag of Mexico.png
Mexico
1–0
a.s.d.e.t.
Brazil.png
Brazil
Flag of the United States.png
United States
3–2 Flag of Costa Rica.png
Costa Rica
2005
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of the United States.png
United States
0–0 a.e.t.
(3–1 pen)
Panama.png
Panama
Not held(2)
Flag of Colombia.png Colombia
Flag of Honduras.png Honduras
2007
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of the United States.png
United States
2–1 Flag of Mexico.png
Mexico
Flag of Canada.png Canada
Flag of France Guadeloupe
2009
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of Mexico.png
Mexico
5–0 Flag of the United States.png
United States
Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica
Flag of Honduras.png Honduras
2011
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of Mexico.png
Mexico
4–2 Flag of the United States.png
United States
Flag of Honduras.png Honduras
Panama.png Panama
2013
Details
Flag of the United States.png United States Flag of the United States.png
United States
1–0 Panama.png
Panama
Flag of Honduras.png Honduras
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico

(invited teams in italics) <div id="1"/>1 Costa Rica and Jamaica tied 1–1 after extra time and shared third place. <div id="2"/>2 No third place match was played; third place was shared.

  • Key:
    • a.e.t. - after extra time
    • a.s.d.e.t. - after sudden death extra time
    • pen - after penalty shootout

Cumulative results

The following is a compiled national level championship table for the Gold Cup.

Team Appearances Winners Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico 12 6 (1993a[›], 1996, 1998, 2003a[›], 2009, 2011) 1 (2007) 2 (1991, 2013c[›])
Flag of the United States.png United States 12 5 (1991a[›], 2002a[›], 2005a[›], 2007a[›], 2013a[›]) 4 (1993a[›], 1998a[›], 2009, 2011a[›]) 2 (1996a[›], 2003a[›])
Flag of Canada.gif Canada 11 1 (2000) 2 (2002, 2007c[›])
Flag of Honduras.png Honduras 11 1 (1991) 4 (2005c[›], 2009c[›], 2011c[›], 2013c[›])
Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica 11 1 (2002) 2 (1993, 2009c[›]) 2 (1991, 2003)
Flag of Guatemala.png Guatemala 9 1 (1996)
Flag of Jamaica.png Jamaica 8 1 (1993) 1 (1998)
Trinidad and Tobago.png Trinidad and Tobago 8 1 (2000)
Flag of El Salvador.png El Salvador 8
Flag of Cuba.png Cuba 7
Panama.png Panama 6 2 (2005, 2013) 1 (2011c[›])
Flag of Haiti.png Haiti 5
Flag of Martinique.png Martinique 4
Brazil.png Brazilb[›] 3 2 (1996, 2003) 1 (1998)
Flag of Colombia.png Colombiab[›] 3 1 (2000) 1 (2005c[›])
Flag of France.png Guadeloupe 3 1 (2007)
South Korea.png South Koreab[›] 2 1 (2002)
Flag of Grenada.png Grenada 2
Flag of Peru.png Perub[›] 1 1 (2000)
Flag of Nicaragua.png Nicaragua 1
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.png Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1
Flag of Belize.png Belize 1
Flag of Ecuador.png Ecuadorb[›] 1
Flag of South Africa.png South Africab[›] 1

^ a: Hosts
^ b: Teams invited to the tournament
^ c: Third place match was not held

Participating nations

Team Flag of the United States
1991
Flag of the United States
Flag of Mexico
1993
Flag of the United States
1996
Flag of the United States
1998
Flag of the United States
2000
Flag of the United States
2002
Flag of the United States
Flag of Mexico
2003
Flag of the United States
2005
Flag of the United States
2007
Flag of the United States
2009
Flag of the United States
2011
Flag of the United States
2013
Years
North American Football Union Members
Flag of Canada.png Canada GS GS GS 1st 3rd GS GS SF QF GS GS 11
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico 3rd 1st 1st 1st QF QF 1st QF 2nd 1st 1st SF 12
Flag of the United States.png United States 1st 2nd 3rd 2nd QF 1st 3rd 1st 1st 2nd 2nd 1st 12
Caribbean Football Union Members
Flag of Cuba.png Cuba GS GS QF GS GS GS QF 7
Flag of Grenada.png Grenada GS GS 2
Flag of France.png Guadeloupe SF QF GS 3
Flag of Haiti.png Haiti GS QF GS QF GS 5
Flag of Jamaica.png Jamaica GS 3rd 4th GS QF QF GS QF 8
Flag of Martinique.png Martinique GS QF GS GS 4
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.png Saint Vincent and the Grenadines GS 1
Trinidad and Tobago.png Trinidad and Tobago GS GS GS SF GS GS GS QF 8
Central American Football Union Members
Flag of Belize.png Belize GS 1
Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica 4th 3rd GS QF 2nd SF QF QF SF QF QF 11
Flag of El Salvador.png El Salvador GS GS QF QF GS GS QF QF 8
Flag of Guatemala.png Guatemala GS 4th GS GS GS GS GS QF QF 9
Flag of Honduras.png Honduras 2nd GS GS GS QF GS SF QF SF SF SF 11
Flag of Nicaragua.png Nicaragua GS 1
Panama.png Panama GS 2nd QF QF SF 2nd 6
Guest Nations
Brazil.png Brazil 2nd 3rd 2nd 3
Flag of Colombia.png Colombia 2nd QF SF 3
Flag of Ecuador.png Ecuador GS 1
Flag of Peru.png Peru SF 1
Flag of South Africa.png South Africa QF 1
South Korea.png South Korea GS 4th 2
Total 8 8 9 10 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 12

Gold Cup results, 1991–2013

Team P W D L F A +/- Points
Flag of the United States.png United States 61 48 6 7 122 44 +78 150
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico 56 41 7 8 133 33 +100 130
Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica 46 16 12 18 73 59 +14 60
Flag of Honduras.png Honduras 41 18 6 17 65 54 +11 60
Flag of Canada.gif Canada 38 15 9 14 43 52 -9 54
Panama.png Panama 28 10 9 9 41 36 +5 39
Flag of Jamaica.png Jamaica 29 9 4 16 32 49 -17 31
Brazil.png Brazil 14 8 2 4 22 9 +13 26
El Salvador.gif El Salvador 25 7 4 14 23 47 -24 25
Trinidad and Tobago.png Trinidad and Tobago 23 5 5 13 28 40 -12 20
Flag of Guatemala.png Guatemala 27 4 7 16 23 44 -21 19
Flag of Colombia.png Colombia 13 5 2 6 14 17 -3 17
Flag of France.png Guadeloupe 12 4 1 7 12 18 -6 13
Flag of Haiti.png Haiti 15 3 4 8 12 22 -10 13
Flag of Martinique.png Martinique 11 2 2 7 7 24 -17 8
Flag of Cuba.png Cuba 20 2 2 16 17 66 -49 8
Flag of South Africa.png South Africa 4 1 3 0 7 6 +1 6
Flag of Peru.png Peru 4 1 1 2 7 7 0 4
South Korea.png South Korea 7 0 4 3 5 9 -4 4
Flag of Ecuador.png Ecuador 2 1 0 1 2 2 0 3
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.png Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 2 0 0 2 0 8 -8 0
Flag of Nicaragua.png Nicaragua 3 0 0 3 0 8 -8 0
Flag of Belize.png Belize 3 0 0 3 1 11 -10 0
Flag of Grenada.png Grenada 6 0 0 6 1 25 -24 0

Qualification

North American zone

  • Qualifies automatically, 3 teams.

Central American zone

Caribbean zone

Venues

Main article: CONCACAF Championship and Gold Cup Venues

Total hosts

Time(s) Nation Year(s)
12Flag of the United States.png United States1991, 1993^, 1996, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003^, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013
2Flag of Mexico.png Mexico1993^, 2003^

^ Co-hosted by Mexico and the United States.

Player records

All-time scorers

RankPlayerGoals
1Flag of the United States Landon Donovan18
2Flag of Mexico Luis Roberto Alves12
3Panama Blas Perez10
Flag of the United States Eric Wynalda9
Flag of Honduras Carlos Pavón9
Flag of Costa Rica Walter Centeno9
6Flag of the United States Brian McBride8
El Salvador Rodolfo Zelaya8
Flag of Honduras Carlo Costly8

In Bold indicates that the player is still active.

Player awards

Year Top Goalscorer Most Valuable Player Best Goalkeeper Source
1991 Flag of Mexico Benjamín Galindo (4 goals) Flag of the United States Tony Meola
1993 Flag of Mexico Luis Roberto Alves (11 goals) Flag of Mexico Ramón Ramírez
1996 Flag of the United States Eric Wynalda (4 goals) Flag of Mexico Raúl Lara
1998 Flag of Mexico Luis Hernández (4 goals) Flag of the United States Kasey Keller
2000 Flag of Canada Carlo Corazzin (4 goals) Flag of Canada Craig Forrest Flag of Canada Craig Forrest
2002 Flag of the United States Brian McBride (4 goals) Flag of the United States Brian McBride
2003 Flag of Costa Rica Walter Centeno (4 goals)

Flag of the United States Landon Donovan (4 goals)

Flag of Mexico Jesús Arellano
2005 Flag of the United States DaMarcus Beasley (3 goals)

Flag of the United States Landon Donovan (3 goals)
Flag of Guatemala Carlos Ruiz (3 goals)
Flag of Honduras Wilmer Velasquez (3 goals)
Panama Luis Tejada (3 goals)

Panama Luis Tejada Panama Jaime Penedo
2007 Flag of Honduras Carlos Pavón (5 goals) Flag of Canada Julian de Guzman Flag of France Franck Grandel
2009 Flag of Mexico Miguel Sabah (4 goals) Flag of Mexico Giovani dos Santos Flag of Costa Rica Keylor Navas
2011 Flag of MexicoJavier Hernández (7 goals) Flag of Mexico Javier Hernández Flag of Honduras Noel Valladares
2013 Flag of the United States Landon Donovan (5 goals)
Flag of the United States Chris Wondolowski (5 goals)
Panama Gabriel Torres (5 goals)
Flag of the United States Landon Donovan Panama Jaime Penedo

Gold Cup winning head coaches

Year Head coach Champions
1991 Flag of SFR Yugoslavia 001 Bora Milutinović Flag of the United States.png United States
1993 Flag of Mexico Miguel Mejía Barón Flag of Mexico.png Mexico
1996 Flag of FR Yugoslavia Bora Milutinović Flag of Mexico.png Mexico
1998 Flag of Mexico Manuel Lapuente Flag of Mexico.png Mexico
2000 Germany Holger Osieck Flag of Canada.gif Canada
2002 Flag of the United States Bruce Arena Flag of the United States.png United States
2003 Flag of Argentina Ricardo La Volpe Flag of Mexico.png Mexico
2005 Flag of the United States Bruce Arena Flag of the United States.png United States
2007 Flag of the United States Bob Bradley Flag of the United States.png United States
2009 Flag of Mexico Javier Aguirre Flag of Mexico.png Mexico
2011 Flag of Mexico José Manuel de la Torre Flag of Mexico.png Mexico
2013 Germany Jürgen Klinsmann Flag of the United States.png United States

See also

External links

CONCACAF Gold Cup
CONCACAF Gold Cup
Tournaments

United States 1991 · United States/Mexico 1993 · United States 1996 · United States 1998 · United States 2000 · United States 2002 · United States/Mexico 2003 · United States 2005 · United States 2007 · United States 2009 · United States 2011 · United States 2013 · United States/Canada 2015 · United States 2017 · TBA 2019

FIFA World Cup finals

1991 · 1993 · 1996 · 1998 · 2000 · 2002 · 2003 · 2005 · 2007 · 2009 · 2011 · 2013 · 2015 · 2017

Squads

1963 · 1965 · 1967 · 1969 · 1971 · 1973 · 1977 · 1981 · 1985 · 1989 · 1991 · 1993 · 1996 · 1998 · 2000 · 2002 · 2003 · 2005 · 2007 · 2009 · 2011 · 2013 · 2015 · 2017

Template:CONCACAF Championship

Template:North American football tournaments

International football

FIFA · World Cup · Confederations Cup · U-20 World Cup · U-17 World Cup · Minor tournaments · World Rankings · Player of the Year · Teams · Competitions · Federations · Codes

Confederation Competitions
AFC Asian Cup
CAF Africa Cup of Nations
CONCACAF Gold Cup
CONMEBOL Copa América
OFC Nations Cup
UEFA European Championship
Non-FIFA N.F.-Board · Viva World Cup

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