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Liga Nacional de Fútbol de Guatemala

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Liga Nacional de Guatemala
Apertura 2010
Founded
1919
Nation
Template:GUA
Relegation To
Primera División de Ascenso
Number of Teams
12
International Qualification
CONCACAF Champions League
Current Champions 2010 Clausura
Municipal

Liga Nacional de Fútbol de Guatemala (National Football League of Guatemala), formerly known as Liga Mayor "A" (Major League "A") is a professional football division in Guatemala, the highest one in the country. It is sanctioned by the Federación Nacional de Fútbol de Guatemala. The champion and runner-up teams of the Liga Nacional's official tournaments qualify to participate in international competitions within the UNCAF and the CONCACAF. Twelve teams currently compose the league and compete for the national title. Municipal, with 28 national titles, is the most successful club in the league to date.

HistoryEdit

Its first official professional tournament took place in 1942, and succeeded what was known as the Liga Capitalina (League of the Capital), which was an amateur tournament that started in 1919. The 1942-43 tournament was played by seven teams in a double round-robin tournament. Three teams – Municipal, Tipografía Nacional, and Guatemala FC – finished tied for the first place after the two rounds. A playoff between the three teams was conducted to determine the winner, with Municipal earning their first national title.

Competition FormatEdit

The league has had several different formats throughout its history; currently, the league season is divided into two tournaments. The Apertura, which is played in the fall, and the Clausura, which is played in the spring. The first 6 clubs in the standings at the end of each competition participate in the playoffs to determine the champion, 1st and 2nd place teams qualify directly to semi-finals, while the others have to play in the quarter-finals. The winners of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments participate in the CONCACAF Champions League.

At the end of the season, the 10th placed team (the team with the least number of points) in the final table standings (the combined standings of both, the Apertura and Clausura tournaments) is relegated to the Primera División de Ascenso (2nd division of the league) automatically at the end of the Clausura tournament in late May. The teams finishing 8th and 9th in the final standings enter into a two-legged playoff with the second- and third-placed clubs of the Primera División de Ascenso, respectively. The playoff winners play in the top division while the losers spend the next season in the second division.

At the end of 2008-2009 Apertura and Clausura tournaments the league expanded to 12 teams to compete in a larger versions of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments, and at the end of the Apertura and Clausura tournaments). Now the 12th placed team (team with the least of points) in the aggregated table standings (combined standings of both, the Apertura and Clausura tournaments) is relegated to the Primera División de Ascenso (2nd division of the league) automatically at the end of the Clausura tournament in late May. The teams that finish 10th and 11th in the aggregated table standings enter into a two-legged playoff with the second- and third-placed clubs of the Primera División de Ascenso, respectively. The playoff winners play in the top division while the losers spend the next season in the second division.

Teams in the leagueEdit

2011-12
Team Location
Comunicaciones Guatemala City
Deportivo Petapa San Miguel Petapa
Deportivo Zacapa Zacapa
Heredia Jaguares San José
Juventud Retalteca Retalhuleu
Malacateco Malacatán
Marquense San Marcos
Mictlán Asunción Mita
Municipal Guatemala City
Peñarol La Mesilla Huehuetenango
Suchitepéquez Mazatenango
Xelajú Quetzaltenango

Champions in Guatemalan Football HistoryEdit

Champions were: Amateur and Professional Champions.

Amateur Champions
Team Location Championships
Universidad SC
(formerly Escuela de Medicina)
Guatemala City 6
Tipografia Nacional Guatemala City 3
Allies Guatemala City 2
Cibeles Guatemala City 2
Escuela Politécnica Guatemala City 2
Guatemala FC
(formerly Escuela Normal)
Guatemala City 2
Hércules Guatemala City 2
La Joya Guatemala City 2
Quetzal Guatemala City 1
Professional Champions
Team Location Championships
Municipal Guatemala City 28
Comunicaciones Guatemala City 24
Club Aurora Guatemala City 8
Xelajú Quetzaltenango 4
Tipografia Nacional Guatemala City 3
Deportivo Jalapa Jalapa 2
Cobán Imperial Alta Verapaz 1
Suchitepéquez Mazatenango 1

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

Top level football leagues of North America, Central America, and the Caribbean (CONCACAF)
North America

Canada · Mexico · United States

Central America

Belize · Costa Rica · El Salvador · Guatemala · Honduras · Nicaragua · Panama

Caribbean

Anguilla · Antigua and Barbuda · Aruba · Bahamas · Barbados · Bermuda · British Virgin Islands · Cayman Islands · Cuba · Dominica · Dominican Republic · French Guiana · Grenada · Guadeloupe · Guyana · Haiti · Jamaica · Martinique · Montserrat · Netherlands Antilles · Puerto Rico · Saint Kitts and Nevis · Saint Lucia · Saint Martin · Saint Vincent and the Grenadines · Sint Maarten · Suriname · Trinidad and Tobago · Turks and Caicos Islands · United States Virgin Islands

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